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Title: Community detection on precision matrices with group-based penalties Authors:  Eugen Pircalabelu - Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium) [presenting]
Gerda Claeskens - KU Leuven (Belgium)
Abstract: A new strategy for probabilistic graphical modeling is developed that draws parallels from social network analysis. Probabilistic graphical modeling summarizes the information coming from multivariate data in a graphical format where nodes, corresponding to random variables, are linked by edges that indicate dependence relations between the nodes. The purpose is to estimate the structure of the graph (which nodes connect to which other nodes) when data at the nodes are available. On the opposite side of the spectrum, social network analysis considers the graph as the observed data. Given thus the graph where connections between nodes are observed rather than estimated, social network analysis estimates models that represent well an underlying mechanism which has generated the observed graph. We propose a new method that exploits the strong points of each framework as it estimates jointly an undirected graph, based on a precision matrix, and communities of homogenous nodes. The structure of the communities is taken into account when estimating the precision matrix and, conversely, the structure of the graph is accounted for when estimating homogeneous communities of nodes. The procedure uses a joint group graphical lasso approach with community detection-based grouping, such that some groups of edges co-occur in the estimated graph. The grouping structure is unknown and is estimated based on community detection algorithms.