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Title: Value added in Italian primary school: An econometric approach Authors:  Marinella Boccia - University of Salerno (Italy) [presenting]
Adalgiso Amendola - University of Salerno (Italy)
Alessandra Amendola - University of Salerno (Italy)
Abstract: To find models that provide a valid measure of the effectiveness of the school quality and of education value added is crucial for the accountability. The aim is to compute a value added measure comparing different econometric models and investigate on which of them performs better. In order to do that the study will use the INVALSI standardized tests in Italian and math for primary school. The preliminary results make in evidence that higher test scores are driven by the test scores in the previous period, such as by the kindergarten attendance. The parents educational and professional level also reveals its significance. Remarkable, negative and significant is the coefficient indicating the presence of monitoring. However the most important tool derived is the school value added distribution, plotted in the graphs, realized both for area and representative regions. According to these the south and the regions there located show a lower value of value added and a higher density on the left and side of distribution. Differently from that the north and some of its regions exhibit a more symmetric value added distribution with higher values.