Title: Heteroscedastic autoregressive postprocessing of temperature forecasts
Authors: Annette Moeller - Clausthal University of Technology (Germany) [presenting]
Juergen Gross - University of Hildesheim (Germany)
Abstract: To account for uncertainty in numerical weather prediction (NWP) models it has become common practice to employ ensembles of NWP forecasts. However, forecast ensembles often exhibit forecast biases and dispersion errors, thus require statistical postprocessing to improve reliability of the ensemble forecasts. An extension of a recently developed postprocessing model utilizing autoregressive information present in the forecast error of the raw ensemble members is proposed. The original approach is modified to let the variance parameter additionally depend on the ensemble spread, yielding a two-fold heteroscedastic model. Furthermore, a high-resolution forecast is included into the postprocessing model, yielding improved predictive performance. Finally, it is outlined how the autoregressive model can be utilized to postprocess ensemble forecasts with higher forecast horizons, without the necessity of making fundamental changes to the original model. To illustrate the performance of the heteroscedastic extension of the autoregressive model, and its use for higher forecast horizons we present a case study for a data set containing 12 years of temperature forecasts and observations over Germany. The case study indicates that the autoregressive model yields particularly strong improvements for forecast horizons beyond 24 hours ahead.