Title: Bivariate borrowing strength for diabetes risk mapping in London with misaligned data: A multiple membership approach
Authors: Marco Gramatica - QMUL (United Kingdom) [presenting]
Peter Congdon - QMUL (United Kingdom)
Silvia Liverani - Queen Mary University of London (United Kingdom)
Abstract: Diabetes prevalence is on the rise in the UK, and for public health strategy, estimation of relative disease risk and subsequent mapping is important. We consider an application to London data on diabetes prevalence and mortality. In order to improve the estimation of relative risks we analyse jointly prevalence and mortality data to ensure borrowing strength over the two outcomes. The available data involves two frameworks, areas and general practices (GPs), raising a spatial misalignment issue that we deal with by employing the multiple membership principle. Specifically we translate area spatial effects to explain GP practice prevalence according to proportions of GP populations resident in different areas. A comparison of the bivariate MCAR and GMCAR priors is presented to explore the different implications for the mapping patterns for both outcomes. The necessary causal precedence of diabetes prevalence over mortality allows a specific conditionality assumption in the GMCAR, not always present in the context of disease mapping.